Fractal tour 3 – Self-similarity & Scale invariance

The last main features of fractals go hand in hand – self similarity and scale invariance.
Don’t worry, they may sound complicated, but the principle is very simple.

Self similarity

When an object is made out of smaller copies of itself this is called self-similarity. The most common example for this is a fern leaf:


Scale invariance

An object is scale invariant when you can’t tell the size of it because self similar shapes appear on all scales:


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